Designing XDB API

Let's start by implementing the data model, persistence and retrieval APIs.

Tuple is the core building block of XDB. It is a combination of key, name and value. Both attributes and edges are represented as tuples.


Attributes are created with xdb.NewAttr function.

text := xdb.NewAttr(
  xdb.NewKey("Post", "9bsv0s5ocl6002kdg0fg"),
  xdb.String("Hello World"),
Attribute Structure
Attribute Structure

XDB implements a value type system allowing developers to store and retrieve Go primitive types, lists and custom types. Custom types must implement one of encoding.BinaryMarshaler or json.Marshaler interfaces.


Edges are tuples whose value is a Key. Edges are created with xdb.NewEdge function.

liked := xdb.NewEdge(
  xdb.NewKey("Post", "9bsv0s5ocl6002kdg0fg"),
  xdb.NewKey("User", "9bsv0s3p32i002qvnf50"),
Edge Structure
Edge Structure

Edges have a special nature. 1:1 edges behave like attributes. They can be retrieved by specifying the key and name.

1:N edges can be retrieved by in two ways. First, by specifying the key and name. This will return all the edges with the name. Second, by specifying the key, name and the target key. This is useful to check if an edge exists.

Tuple Store

The first capability of XDB is to store and retrieve tuples. The xdb.TupleStore interface defines the persistence API.

type TupleStore interface {
	PutTuples(ctx context.Context, tuples ...*Tuple) error
	GetTuples(ctx context.Context, refs ...*Ref) ([]*Tuple, error)
	DeleteTuples(ctx context.Context, refs ...*Ref) error

Ref is a reference to any tuple. It is used as a way to refer to a tuple in APIs.

All storage engines must, at least, implement TupleStore interface. XDB provides a MemoryStore as a reference implementation and for testing.

The XDB codebase is available at